This abstract written by Jamal S. Shrair, a student of Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Department of Electron Devices
Advances in nanotechnology can provide clean energy resources and sustainable development. The biggest technical challenge facing the world in this century is how to provide clean, affordable energy supply, which is sustainable and universally available.The rate of growth in global energy demand runs the risk of outpacing affordable, stable supplies unless we can achieve breakthroughs not only in conservation and evolutionary improvements in terms of efficiency of existing resources, but also revolutionary new breakthroughs.Nanotechnology has the potential to lead us to these goals.
Nanoscience technology is the ability to arrange, control and combine atoms and molecules at the nanoscale. This ability can equip us with the know-how to build electrical, biological and mechanical nano-micromachines that can replace most of today’s manufacturing processes and tools.
The impact of nanotechnology on scientific progress, economic and social development is going to be enormous. If we look towards the domain of health care, nanomedicine can reduce existing costs substantially and cure most, if not all, currently incurable diseases. Nanotechnology products that are being developed in a number of industries can have great benefits for space applications and deep space exploration missions.
In the energy sector, which is the biggest and the most challenging issue facing us, advances in nanotechnology can solve certain issues successfully; fossil fuels can become cleaner, safer and cheaper to produce, in a more environmentally friendly manner. Renewable resources can become cheaper to produce and easier to implement. In the domain of nuclear energy, Uranium-based reactors would be safer, smaller in size, and more cost effective, while their radioactive byproducts can be recycled.
More importantly, nanostructured material and new laser devices can be developed that will allow us to extract nuclear energy without resorting to brute-force methods and radioactive byproducts. Furthermore, as we approach the limits of Moore’s Law, nanotechnology breakthroughs are vital for constructing faster computers that will allow artificial intelligence to develop rapidly.
Integrated nano-microsystems would benefit researchers in the field of human biology. A correlation between mind-body connection and other communications external to the body can be found and the field of biological morphogenesis and telepathy would take great leap forward.
But, the idea of singularity and that an algorithmically-programmed computer can develop human-like consciousness can be considered as ludicrous. The human brain is not only a neurological machine. Even on the arithmetic level, the processing power of the human brain is unknown. While on the one hand theoreticians are proposing almost anything as having some finite probability of occurring, on the other hand they discard all the principles of physics. Many theoreticians and science fiction writers who claim to be physicists cannot provide mathematical consistency to their theories, not to mention experimental support of any kind. The so-called theory of singularity contradicts all present known laws of nature and the laws of physical reality.
Tags or keywords: Nanotechnoloy, nanoenergy, nano-microreactors, nuclear fusion,nanosolar, nanoparticles, nanobatteries, nanomedicine, nanodevices, nanomotor.
Part one: Overview and introduction of important fields in nanoscience technologies
# 1.0 Nanomedicine
1.3 DNA motor
# 2.0 Nanoscience technologies will bring a new era of space exploration and space economic benefits to mankind
Part Two: Application of Nanoscience Technologies in the Energy Industry
# 3.0 The Global Energy Situation
# 3.1 Fossil fuels that can be enhanced through the use of nanotechnology
# 3.2 Geothermal energy, Natural gas, Methane hydrates, Coal and Carbon Sequestration
# 3.3 Nanotechnology Benefits for Developing Efficient and Cost-Effective Solar Power
# 3.4 Realization of the space energy dream and the impact of nanotechnology on the space program
4.0 The Future of Nuclear Energy with the Application of Nanotechnology
# 4.1 Direct conversion of nuclear energy into electricity with new nanostructured materials
# 4.2 Small Scale Reactors
# 4.3 Small Size Thorium-fuelled ADS reactors
# 4.4 New visions for handling nuclear waste(Accelerating radioactive decay)
5,0 Nuclear Fusion
# 5.1 The History and Problems of Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion
# 5.2 New Concepts and Approaches Generating Fusion reactions in Laboratory
5.3 Pyroelectric fusion
# 5.4 Sonofusion
# 5.5 Focus fusion
# 5.6 Solid-State Nuclear Fusion(Evaluations of the Research Activities)
# 5.7 Advantages of Solid-State Nuclear Fusion
# 5.8 Summary of the benefits of nanotechnology for nuclear energy